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Our landmark federal class action lawsuit, Floyd, et al v. City of New York, successfully challenged the NYPD’s practices of racial profiling and unconstitutional stops and frisks. In August 2013, a federal judge found that the NYPD had engaged in widespread constitutional violations, targeting people of color for suspicionless stops. The court appointed an independent monitor to assist in developing and overseeing a community-inclusive reform process.
CCR is a member of the coalition Communities United for Police Reform (CPR), an unprecedented advocacy campaign that successfully fought for legislation that expanded a ban on police profiling and created an NYPD Office of the Inspector General.
In 2012, CCR released, Stop and Frisk – The Human Impact, a report documenting the effects of stop and frisk on our communities. In March 2014, CCR brought stop and frisk to the attention of the United Nations, who subsequently framed the practice as a violation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Mark Hamblett The parties in the stop-and-frisk litigation have asked Southern District Judge Analisa Torres ( See Profile) to resolve motions to intervene by police unions who oppose a settlement between the plaintiffs and New York…
March 28, 2014, New York – Today, the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) released the following statement in response to the announcement that Phil Eure was appointed as the first Inspector General for the New…
As the Obama administration continues rallying its allies to hold Russia to its international law obligations in Ukraine, the international community had an opportunity this week to turn the magnifying glass the other way and…
February 21, 2014, New York – In response to the Second Circuit panel’s lifting of the stay in the Floyd v. City of New York class action lawsuit and remanding of the case to the…
|Baher Azmy on Democracy Now! on the End of the Stop and Frisk Appeal||CCR Attorney Sunita Patel, with Floyd trial witnesses David Ourlicht and Nicholas Peart, on PoliticsNation (MSNBC) (8/12/13)||Jim Hoffer reports on stop-and-frisk, ABC News part 1, part 2, part 3, and part 4.|
|Don't Tread on Me: Yasiin Bey (fka Mos Def) PSA||Floyd witness Nicholas Peart on Democracy Now! (2/8/12)||Brown, Black, and Blue: The Stop & Frisk Policy of the NYPD|
Floyd Timeline and Fact Sheet (Updated 1/30/14)
The Map: see the 2011 statistics for yourself. Stops by precinct, with racial breakdowns, use of force, reasons for stop, and more.
Jan 31, 2014
July 25, 2012
March 13, 2012
Dec 17, 2011
The Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) has been active for many years in the movement to address discriminatory policing practices, through advocacy, litigation, and movement support.
After the 1999 murder of Amadou Diallo by the NYPD Street Crimes Unit, CCR and others filed Daniels, et al. v. City of New York, challenging the constitutionality of the Street Crime Unit’s stop-and-frisk practices, on behalf of Plaintiffs the National Congress for Puerto Rican Rights and Malcolm X Grassroots Movement.
2003 The Daniels plaintiffs settled with the NYPD, who agreed to disband the Street Crimes Unit and adopt and a written policy against racial profiling. However, in the years following the settlement, the number of stops and frisks skyrocketed, with the vast majority of stops occurring in communities of color. CCR continued to engage in movement support and organize with our partners.
2008 CCR filed Floyd, et al. v. the City of New York, using as evidence of continued discrimination data that the court required the NYPD to collect as part of the settlement Daniels.
2011 CCR helped create Communities United for Police Reform (CPR), an advocacy campaign led by community members, lawyers, researchers, and activists to end discriminatory policing practices in New York City.
June-August 2013 Amid widespread community support, CPR saw the passage of the Community Safety Act, legislation that holds the NYPD accountable for rights violations. (press release)
August 2013 A federal judge in Floyd found the NYPD liable for unconstitutional stops and appointed an independent monitor to oversee a collaborative reform process. (press release)
October 2013 The City, under Mayor Bloomberg, appealed the Floyd ruling and halted the reform process. (press release)
November 2014 Stop and frisk became a decisive issue in the New York City Mayoral primaries and the general election.
January 2014 CCR and newly-elected Mayor Bill de Blasio jointly announced that an agreement had been reached for the City to drop the appeal to Floyd and begin the reforming the NYPD. (press release)
March 2014 CCR successfully lobbied the United Nations to question the U.S. government on the NYPD's use of stop and frisk and other discriminatory policing practices, bringing an international human rights framework to this issue. (press release)